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UBCO researcher explains Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline project
Andrew Barton's Ebook Place and Pipelines: The Northern Gateway Project and our Home Places breaks down the pipeline basics
The proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline is designed to provide Alberta-based petroleum producers access to Asian markets.
The project proposes construction of dual pipelines between Bruderheim, Alberta, and a marine terminal in Kitimat.
Imported petroleum condensate will be delivered to the Kitimat marine port by tanker, and then pumped east to Alberta through the smaller pipeline, which has a daily capacity of 193,000 barrels.
The condensate is mixed with product from the Alberta oils sands to create dilute bitumen or ‘dilbit.’ The larger of the two pipelines has a capacity of 525,000 barrels per day and will carry the dilbit back out to Kitimat.
Dilbit would then be transported by oil tankers to refineries around the Asia-Pacific region.
To facilitate this transport, it is anticipated that approximately 220 tankers per year would dock at the port in Kitimat.
The pipeline will include:
- two major tunnels through the Coast Mountains (6.5 km and 6.6 km in length)
- 773 water crossings
- 10 pumping stations
- an increase of $1.2 billion in tax revenue over 30 years for the people of British Columbia
- 3,000 jobs during construction and 560 jobs in long-term employment
- Canada will see an increase of $270 billion in GDP
- the possibility of a catastrophic oil spill could be expected once in every 240 years
Resistance efforts and resources:
- Dogwood Initiative: Enbridge would need 60 provincial permits in order to execute their plan, thus the Dogwood Initiative is initiating a pledge to stop it; they are building an army of volunteers to collect signatures
- Pacific Wild is collecting donations for a campaign to stop the pipeline
- West Coast Environmental Law has produced extensive work on pipeline and oil in general and a risk assessment for the communities and fisheries affected by Enbridge's line specifically
- Raincoast Conservation Foundation has extensive science-based material on the pipeline and its potential impact
- Communities to protect our Coast is a group of Vancouver Island protesters staging events and sharing information
- Concerned Professional Engineers says the risk assessment on Northern Enbridge Gateway was flawed
- UBCO artists offer contest to comment on Enbridge
- The Unist'ot'en Camp is one of the first blockade/resistance communities to set up on the route