UBCO researcher explains Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline project

Andrew Barton's Ebook Place and Pipelines: The Northern Gateway Project and our Home Places breaks down the pipeline basics

The proposed Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline is designed to provide Alberta-based petroleum producers access to Asian markets.

The project proposes construction of dual pipelines between Bruderheim, Alberta, and a marine terminal in Kitimat.

Imported petroleum condensate will be delivered to the Kitimat marine port by tanker, and then pumped east to Alberta through the smaller pipeline, which has a daily capacity of 193,000 barrels.

The condensate is mixed with product from the Alberta oils sands to create dilute bitumen or ‘dilbit.’ The larger of the two pipelines has a capacity of 525,000 barrels per day and will carry the dilbit back out to Kitimat.

Dilbit would then be transported by oil tankers to refineries around the Asia-Pacific region.

To facilitate this transport, it is anticipated that approximately 220 tankers per year would dock at the port in Kitimat.

—from Andrew Barton, UBCO student researcher

The pipeline will include:

  • two major tunnels through the Coast Mountains (6.5 km and 6.6 km in length)
  • 773 water crossings
  • 10 pumping stations

Enbridge estimates:

  • an increase of $1.2 billion in tax revenue over 30 years for the people of British Columbia
  • 3,000 jobs during construction and 560 jobs in long-term employment
  • Canada will see an increase of $270 billion in GDP
  • the possibility of a catastrophic oil spill could be expected once in every 240 years

Resistance efforts and resources:

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