UBC researcher Gyan Chhipi Shrestha says high density communities can make better use of the Okanagan’s limited water supply. - Credit: Contributed

Okanagan residents are using too much water

Kelowna - A study at UBCO says at its peak, the Okanagan averages 1,000 litres per person per day

The beauty of a lush green lawn may be more costly than just the use of water, according to researchers at UBCO.

Gyan Kumar Chhipi Shrestha, a Ph.D. candidate with the school of engineering, recently published several research papers about water use, water distribution systems and the energy consumed supplying water to homes.

Not only did he examine the cost of supplying water to homes, but also investigated the long-term, or life cycle costs, of water distribution systems to several communities.

And the ecological footprint is staggering, he said, when the energy used to distribute water is considered.

“The Okanagan Valley is a semi-arid region and even though we have lots of lakes, the valley also has the lowest amount of freshwater available in Canada,” said Shrestha. “At the same time, we have one of the highest per capita use of domestic water in the country.”

There is a huge disconnect between the amount of water available in the Okanagan and the amount used, he said. At its peak in the summer, the rate of consumption in the Okanagan is about a 1,000 litres per person per day—compared to the Canadian average of more than 340 litres a day. This overuse is primarily due to residential lawn irrigation, he said.

The key finding from his research is that the residential density significantly affects per capita water-energy-carbon nexus and life cycle cost of water distribution systems.

The findings suggest community developers should consider the importance of constructing medium to high-density buildings in urban neighborhoods to achieve optimal ‘watergy.’

Working with UBC Okanagan’s associate dean of engineering Rehan Sadiq, co-supervisor of the study, Shrestha’s research specifically examines water distribution systems in various residential densities, how much these systems cost to operate and how reductions can be implemented.

“Water, energy, and carbon emissions are important elements of urban water sustainability; these elements are interconnected,” said Sadiq. “And neighborhood densification is a strategy primarily applied to reduce per capita infrastructure and land requirement and densification also affects residential landscaping and water systems.”

Shrestha completed an integrated study of the water-energy-carbon or ‘watergy’ dynamics of water distribution and residential landscaping under neighborhood densification.

He then proposed a conceptual framework to study the impacts of urban residential density on the water-energy-carbon nexus of water distribution and residential landscaping system.

Along with supervisor professor Kasun Hewage, Shrestha used a planned neighbourhood under development in Peachland as a case study and compared 11 neighbourhood design options of single and multi-family homes and various population densities.

The cost of water distribution systems can be lower in high-density residences, mostly because single family homes tend to have landscaped areas that require maintenance, Hewage said.

“The densities of neighbourhoods affect water demand, and we’re looking for an optimal density,” he said.“We wanted to a find a balance between increased density and decreased water consumption. When we look at single-family homes, generally 40 to 60 per cent of a property area is landscaped and will require water to maintain them.”

Get local stories you won't find anywhere else right to your inbox.
Sign up here

Just Posted

PHOTOS: Windstorm blows through Kelowna

Photos from readers in the Central Okanagan following Wednesday night’s storm

Halloween festivities cancelled at Kelowna’s Orchard Park Shopping Centre

Physical distancing guidelines would not be attainable while holding the annual trick-or-treat event

Strong weekend wind expected in Okanagan

Wind gusts of up to 60 km/hr expected

‘Schools are healthy’: IH medical health officer

Children have a low risk of catching and spreading COVID-19

Historic BC Tree Fruits head office in downtown Kelowna for sale

The company’s CEO said the decision was necessary due to a fickle fruit market

BC Liberal Leader talks drug addiction in the Lower Mainland

Drug addiction and public safety a top priority says Andrew Wilkinson

Kamloops Mounties happened upon alleged gang-related robbery, kidnapping

Michael Mathieson is charged with armed robbery, unlawful confinement and kidnapping

Is it time to start thinking about greener ways to package cannabis?

Packaging suppliers are still figuring eco-friendly and affordable packaging options that fit the mandates of Cannabis Regulations

Pandemic derails CP Holiday Train

Canadian Pacific will work to get donations to food banks while also producing an online music concert

Join Black Press Media and Do Some Good

Pay it Forward program supports local businesses in their community giving

Interior Health reports five new COVID-19 cases

Across the region, 34 cases are active

Vanderhoof’s Brian Frenkel takes on top job in tough times

We can get through this, new local government leader says

Local councils important, Horgan says as municipal conference ends

B.C. NDP leader says ‘speed dating’ vital, online or in person

Most Read